He bequeathed him to look after his position and the position of his taxes sadaqat and he wrote him a covenant of succession which is well-known. His testamentary trusteeship is obvious in terms of the outlines of religion, the essential characteristic of wisdom and good-breeding. A great number of scholars have reported this trusteeship and many of the men of understanding have realised the truth of this through his attitude to the world.
Martyrdom Anniversary of Imam Hassan ibn Ali (p)
When the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, died, al- Hasan addressed the people. He reminded them of his right to authority. The followers of his father pledged allegiance to him in terms of fighting those he fought and making peace with those with whom he made peace. Yahya al-Azdi reported: Ashath b. Suwar told me on the authority of Abu Ishaq al-Sabi'i and others, who said;]. Ali, peace be on them, addressed the people towards dawn on the night in which the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, died.
He praised and glorified God and blessed the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family.
Then he said:. There has died tonight a man who was the first among the early Muslims in good actions. Nor did any later Muslims attain his level in good actions. He used to fight alongside the Apostle of God, may Allah bless him and his family, and protect him with his own life. The Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, used to send him forward with his standard while Gabriel supported him on his right and Michael supported him on his left.
He would not return until God brought victory through his hands. He, peace be on him, has died on this the night on which Jesus, son of Mary, was taken up to Heaven , on which Joshua, son of Nuh, the testamentary trustee wasi of Moses, peace be on him, died.
He has left behind him no gold and silver except seven hundred dirhams of his stipend ata' , with which he was intending to buy a servant for his family. I am the grand son of the one who brought the good news. I am the grand son of the warner. I am the grand son of the man who, with God's permission, summoned the people to God. I am the grand son of the light which shone out to the world. I am of the House, from whom God has sent away abomination and whom God has purified thoroughly. I am of the House for whom God has required love in his Book, when God, the Most High, said: Say: I do not ask you for any reward except love for my kin.
The good is love for us, the House. People, this is the son of your Prophet, the testamentary trustee wasi of your Imam. So pledge allegiance to him. They rushed forward to pledge allegiance to him as successor. That was on Friday on the eleventh of the month of Ramadan in the year 40 A. Then he assigned the posts of the tax collectors and he gave instructions to the governors of the provinces. He sent Abd Allah b. He took charge of all the matters. When Mu'awiya b. Abi Sufyan learnt of the death of the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, and the people's pledge of allegiance to his son, al-Hasan, peace be on him, he sent a man of secretly to Kufa and a man from Banu al-Qayn to Basra.
They were to write reports to him to undermine affairs for al-Hasan, peace be on him. Al-Hasan, peace be on him, learned of that.
He ordered the Himyari to be brought out from among the tribe of Lakhm in Kufa. He had him brought out and executed. He was brought out and executed. You sent men to use deception and to carry out assassinations and you sent out spies as if you want to meet in battle. That is something which will soon happen so wait for it, if God wills. I have learnt that you have become haughty in a way that no wise man would become haughty. In that you are just as al-Awwal described:. Say to him who desires the contrary of the one who has died: Prepare for another like him, as if from the same root.
I and the one among us who has died are like the one who goes in the evening so that the other may come in the morning. Muawiya replied to him with his letter, which there is no need to mention. There followed between him and al-Hasan, peace be on him, correspondences messages and disputes regarding the right of al- Hasan, peace be on him, to authority and the unlawful seizure of power of those who came before his father, peace be on him, and of Mu'awiya's attempt to strip the nephew of the Apostle of God, may God bless him and his family, from his authority and of their the House's right to it apart from them.
All these matters would take too long to describe. Muawiya set off towards Iraq. When he reached the bridge of Manbij, al-Hasan, peace be on him, reacted. He sent Hujr b. Adi to order the leaders of Amman to set out and to call the people together for war. They were slow to answer him and then they came forward. Al- Hasan had a mixed band of men: some of them belonged to his Sh'ia and to his father's: some of them were members of the Muhakimma i.
Kharijites who were influenced by the desire of fighting Muawiya with every means possible ; some of them were men who loved discords and were anxious for booty; some of them were doubters; others were tribal supporters who followed the leaders of their tribes without reference to religion.
He set off until he came to Hammam Umar, then he went on to Dayr Kab. He stopped at Sabat, just before the bridge and spent the night there. In the morning, he, peace be on him, wanted to test his followers and make their situation clear with regard to obedience to him, so that in that way he might be able to distinguish his friends from his enemies and be in a clear mind about his position to meet Mu'awiya and the Syrians. He ordered the call to be made:.
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Praise belongs to God whenever a man praises Him. I testify that there is no god but God whenever a man testifies to Him. I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His apostle whom He sent with the truth and whom He entrusted with revelation, may God bless him and his family. By God, I hope that I shall always be with God's praise and kindness.
I am the sincerest of God's creatures in giving advice to them. I have not become one who bears malice to any Muslims nor one who wishes evil or misfortune tor him. Indeed what you dislike about unity jama'a is better for you than what you like about division.
I see what is better for you better than you see for yourselves. Therefore do not oppose my commands and do not reject my judgement. May God forgive both me and you and may He guide me and you to that in which there is love and satisfaction. They plundered him to the extent that they even took his prayer mat from under him.
Then Abd al- Rahman b. Abd Allah b. Ja'al al-Azdi set on him and stripped his silk cloak from his shoulder. He remained sitting, still girt with his sword but without his cloak. He called for his horse and mounted it. Groups of his close associates and his Shia surrounded him and kept those who wanted to attack him away from him.
He said:. They were summoned to him and they surrounded him and defended him, peace be on him, from the people.
A mixed group of others went with him as well. When he was passing through the narrow pass of Sabat, a man of Banu Asad called al-Jarrah b. Sinan caught hold of the reins of his mule. He had an axe in his hand. He cried:. God is greater Allaku akbar! You have become a polytheist, Hasan, just like your father became a polytheist before. Then he stabbed him in the thigh.
Imam Hasan's Character | Imam Hasan bin Ali | centrapub.tk
It penetrated right through to the bone. He seized al-Hasan by the neck and they both fell to the ground. A man from al-Hasan's Shi'a called Abd Allah b. Khatal al- Tai; pulled the axe away from his hand and struck him with it in the stomach. Another man called Zubyan b. Umara attacked him, struck him upon the nose and killed him.
Another man who had been with al-Jarrah was caught and killed.